The Bulgarian language teaching methodology determines the goals and objectives of language education, the volume and nature of the teaching content, specific work methods, etc. It also requires a new approach according to the students’ professional interests and future activities, their age, working in small groups, etc.
It also foresees a new approach according to the professional interests and future activities of the students, their age characteristics, working in small groups and others. The aim of the education to achieve the initial levels (A1 and A2) of fluency in the Bulgarian language is to shape the students’ skills for basic speech communication in the family, school and social environment. Therefore, learners must:
• familiarize themselves with the Bulgarian alphabet.
• to acquire basic knowledge about the phenomena of the Bulgarian language.
• Establishing some legal and spelling rules on a practical level.
• To create a basic vocabulary in them, which will allow them basic communication in the family, school and public environment.
• to acquire initial ideas about Bulgarian speech, Bulgarian education and culture. The end result of basic education B1 is the development of skills for understanding and writing texts in the Bulgarian language and the expansion of communication possibilities, mainly in the field of discussion and science. It is necessary to achieve:
• the formation of the student’s initial idea of the system in the Bulgarian language.
• Enriching their vocabulary with colloquial and popular vocabulary and popular scientific terminology.
• development of their abilities for correct and appropriate use of grammatical units in speech.
• improve their pronunciation skills.
• Creating skills and habits for correct spelling based on the use of spelling patterns.
In order to achieve the B2 average of proficiency in the Bulgarian language, skills for perceiving and reproducing texts from different areas of life must be developed, as well as skills for creating certain genres. To achieve this, the following important tasks must be implemented:
• To enrich learners’ vocabulary for full communication in the arts and sciences. to acquire knowledge and skills to use the figurative meaning of words in speech. Methodology and structure in intensive training in the Bulgarian language
• developing skills for the formation and use of grammar in the Bulgarian language. to build skills in using more complex syntactic structures.
• improve their spelling, grammar and punctuation skills.
• to develop receptive and productive skills in learners for work in business, journalistic and scientific texts.
• to familiarize students with the geographical, historical, ethnographic and cultural aspects of Bulgaria as a country.
The high levels (C1 and C2) of foreign language proficiency in the Bulgarian language approach the level of knowledge of the mother tongue. It is known that the mother tongue is learned to a different extent. We can assume that the high level of students is the level that every native student has reached after completing his secondary education, which meets his communication needs, provides him with the opportunity to choose language resources.
In other words, the aim is to develop communication and speaking skills for good understanding in all walks of life. In order to achieve high levels of language proficiency, it is necessary to select more specific knowledge and identify receptive and productive skills in the content of the materials:
• to select structural concepts that can be an optimal theoretical basis and form an integral part of the metalinguistic culture of the individual.
• To overlap the functional values of the language units that form the basis of the conscious development of speech.
• to highlight the linguistic phenomena on the basis of which the linguistic concept will be developed – to represent synonym, pronoun and paraphrase.
• to form an attitude towards the perception of Bulgarian fiction, to develop skills for the analysis and interpretation of fiction texts.
At all levels, learners are introduced to the geographical, historical, ethnographic and cultural aspects of getting to know the Bulgarian country, developing intercultural communication skills in them, which are further supported by concrete examples.